Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück (PDF)

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Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites StückNietzsche hits on some real dilemmas related to academic history but his attempts to address them are less than helpful to ut it mildly To be fair to Nietzsche and also to annoy him it is worth A (kinda) Country Christmas placing the work in its historical context Nietzsche was writing in the early days of academic history which initially developed in Germany I m not familiar enough with the historiography of Nietzsche s time to be able to know how accurate some of his complaints about academic history really were but academic history was an immature discipline at the time Adjusting to a new method of historical writing was not always easy foreople of Nietzsche s day or to eople since for that matter and the hiccups involved in developing a new discipline might have influenced Nietzsche s negative opinion Certainly historians since his time have grappled with most of the uestions he raises in a variety of ways and I doubt that anyone would be able to ublish a similar work todayNietzsche complaints throughout the book that being overly saturated in history hampers eople from being capable of action The roblem is that the tension is less between history and action and between thought and action Some National Geographic Kids Almanac 2020 people will have a tendency to think than act or vice versa depending on theirersonality Yes thinking when action is needed can be dangerous or even hamper someone s ersonal development the latter seems to be Nietzsche s main concern here But history is not the source of the tensionNietzsche seems to want history to only function as an art not as a science After all that is how history was written for most of history and only in the late 19th century did that begin to change Unfortunately it is history s scientific aspect that is the fact that history has a strict methodology now that makes history at all reliable While Nietzsche is right that erfect objectivity is impossible and that history is an art as well as a science rejecting historical methodology because it is too complicated and includes detail than Why Is It Always About You?: The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism people can make use of does not solve theroblem His complaints about historians treating the modern era as the Gods and fighting men: the story of the Tuatha de Danaan and of the Fianna of Ireland, arranged and put into English by Lady Gregory pinnacle ofrogress are Charming the Firefighter probably accurate however and highlight a very real historical fallacy Modern historians are usually aware that this attitude is aroblem but some are effective than others in keeping it from coloring their own workThere is a certain sense in which Nietzsche s hostility toward academic history is understandable most historians would tear his idealization of the classical era apart His developing hilosophy appears to be deeply anti historical dependent on a certain interpretation of classical literature than on anything empirically verifiable So erhaps it is no wonder that Nietzsche delivers such a stinging attack His ideas about the importance of great men to history likewise would be taken to Everyone Loves Clowns and Other Tales pieces by any historian today People who advance radical ideas when society is not ready for them an approach Nietzsche seems to applaud are typically ignored if not burned at the stake English society was not ready for John Wycliffe s ideas but two centuries later Germany was ready for Martin Luther s Luther was definitely a significant figure and he stamped his ownersonality on the Reformation it might not have unfolded exactly as it did without his involvement But by Luther s time enough changes had occurred in society that some sort of religious shakeup was waiting to occur And his concern with assurance would not have occurred to anyone several centuries earlier Was Luther a great man in Nietzsche s sense Sure But he was still formed by the society he came from History is complex Individual The Elements of Computing Systems: Building a Modern Computer from First Principles people don t have muchower to turn it in an entirely different direction a lot of individuals doing the same things are another story Nietzsche s elitism is really starting to show here and it leads him in entirely the wrong direction My first foray into Nietzsche has left me shaken to the coreFor better or worse he was an expert rhetorician even as one shudders to recognize the seeds of justification for later historical atrocities in his hilosophies one cannot help but feel enamoured by his rose and the undeniable style of his arguments So many times I gave audible way to awe reluctantly utting the book down to copy some choice hrases into a notebookTo my view this essay was a call to action for generations stuck in an obsession with existing fact and history as Hitler's First War: Adolf Hitler, the Men of the List Regiment, and the First World War pushed by then modern education which Nietzsche felt robbed them of their own culture andersonalities and very beings and led them to be easily ruled The hilosophy limits the value of history to that which stirs active improvement in the resent and warns us against becoming slaves to information taking art and feeling to be the better virtues I agreed with much of it but recoiled at other times as when the ugly heads of classicism and xenophobia Žemyn galva į Australiją poked through theoetry Nietzsche argued for example that the infiltration of other cultures into Germany left its citizens overwhelmingly fascinated with irrelevant ideas and histories and further moved them from a unified culture Of course I may have brought hindsight to the reading and tarnished his original meaningNevertheless the arguments in the essay while generally compelling and endlessly fascinating are a bit messy There s a lot of self contradiction and even meta acknowledgement of it alongside scathing critiues of irony that bring the effort full circle to meta irony A reader recognizing himself as slavishly reading a historical text that both critiues the slavish attention to history and admires the unhistorical virtues of ancient Greek culture soon finds himself in a tangle of recursion

longer sure which way is Frankly I loved that facet of the reading It made me think Hard It TICKLED MY BEAUTIFUL PROSE BUTTON AND my beautiful rose button and challenged my intellectual capacities my own assumptions and hilosophies and my core beliefs as a scientist Nietzsche is ultimately it seems against science as a search for truth arguing that it only considers what is true and right and thus finished and historical He writes that science hates the forgetfulness that is the death of knowledge Whereas I appreciate his Último asalto point within the context of what he calls the historical malady I think he has a diminished understanding of what science is At least to me science is incredibly fluid and creative and is never finished It must adapt to current understandings and must give up the constraints of ego toermit the reality of a constantly shifting truth Forgetting is as central to science as it is to the beast reality of a constantly shifting truth Forgetting is as central to science as it is to the beast goes into the Fear (Tricycle Teachings present like a number without leaving any curious remainder except that for science the curiosity that remains isrecisely the ointLovely food for thought Will chew again I had totally forgotten what it was like to read some Neechy and now I remember what it was that I loved about reading his stuff It s like an alien mentality Some of the oints he makes and his insights into human nature seem as though they come from an alien that has been secretly observing us for a few hundred years This book is about the burden with which we transpose the lessons and the fetters of history into our reality today His oint is that the real superman is the iconoclast who can throw away no destroy the ballast of history and look at the world as though with a fresh air of eyes and almost in a history agnostic kind of way There were a few very interesting Conta and Boehme Porcelain Identification and Value Guide points that he raised Our culture is not so much something that we are continuously improving but rather something that is handed down from generations before and we acuiesce to its norms Our culture today if truly understood is knowledge of culture rather than culture itself A bouuet of words which beautifully describe rather than an explosion of action that actually amount to something real If we want torogress scientifically as uickly as ossible then we are likely to destroy science as uickly as ossible also A atient approach would be ideal when it comes to scientific rogress rather than jump headfirst into the next app or technological theory that comes our way internet of things Ai robotics big data cloud virtual reality Patience is bravery as imam Ali once said Education does not need to follow the historical model that it has always followed We don t need to have one teacher standing up in a class in front of 30 eager to lease imitators The greatest have always bought their children up differently Build your homes on the slopes of Vesuvius was one of Nietzsche s famous uotes and if once erupted there are only a few that would dare to build their homes with their loved ones on its slopes and yet we live our lives building our existence around the simmering volcano in ourselves. Forward Incidentally I despise everything which merely instructs me without increasing or immediately enlivening my activity These are Goethe's words With them as with a heartfelt expression of Ceterum censeo I judge otherwise our consideration of the worth and the worthlessness of history may begin For this work is to set down why in the spirit of Goethe's saying we must seriously despise instruction without vitality knowledge which enervates activity and history as an expensive surplus of knowledge and a luxury because we lack what is still most essential to us and because what is superfluous is hostile to what is essential To be sure we need history But we need it in a manner different from the way in which the spoilt idler in the garden of knowledge uses it no matter how elegantly he may look down on our coarse and graceless needs and distresses That is we need it for life and action not for a comfortable turning away from life and action or merely for glossing over the egotistical life and the cowardly bad act We wish to use history only insofar as it serves living But there is a degree of doing history and a valuing of it through which life atrophies and degenerates Our worlds are shattered once in a while by some catastrophic event we don t crawl into a ball and die but continue to live around the Dantesue inferno that could explode at any time This takes one away from a mind set of security and calm and further away even from the belief in the eternal How can you look a day in advance when you fear the molten rock rumbling deep within your soul The superman can Nietzsche says But every Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo people indeed everyerson who wishes to become mature needs such an enveloping delusion such a The Labyrinth protecting and veiling cloud But todayeople generally despise becoming mature because they honour history than living Indeed The Raven and the Falcon: Youth Versus Old Age in Medieval Arabic Literature people exult over the fact that now science is beginning to rule over living It isossible that The Humanist Interpretation of Hieroglyphs in the Allegorical Studies of the Renaissance: With a Focus on the Triumphal Arch of Maximilian I people will attain that goal but it is certain that a life so governed is not worth much because it is much less living and it establishes a life for the future far less than does therevious life governed not by knowledge but by instinct and owerful illusory images But as stated it is clearly not to be the era of fully developed and mature eople of harmonious Your Life Still Counts: How God Uses Your Past to Create a Beautiful Future personalities but the era of common work which is as useful asossible That however amounts only to the fact that Piers Plowman: A New Translation of the B-Text people are to be trained for theurposes of the time in order to get to work with their hands as The War against Animals promptly asossible They are to labour in the factories of the universal utilities before they are mature that is so that they really no longer become mature because this would be a luxury which would deprive the labour market of a lot of Fantasy Noir. Übernatürliche Mordfälle power We blind some birds so that they sing beautifully I do not think that today seople sing beautifully than their grandfathers but I do know this we blind them early But the method the disreputable method which eople use to blind them is excessively bright excessively sudden and excessively changing light The young erson is lashed through all the centuries Youngsters who understand nothing about a war a diplomatic action or a trade Diari policy are found fit to be introduced toolitical history But then just as the young erson races through history so we moderns race through the store rooms of art and listen to concerts We really feel that something sounds different from something else that something has a different effect than something else Constantly losing of this feeling of surprise and dislike becoming excessively astonished no longer or finally allowing oneself to enjoy everything eople really call that historical sense historical education In this book Nietzsche laments over a condition that he is finding in the youth of Germany they are lacking a A Long the Krommerun: Selected Papers from the Utrecht James Joyce Symposium personality They have an encyclopedic knowledge of everything and are chained to theast The Lancelot past must be forgotten if it is not to become the gravedigger of theresent he says He identifies five Scorch problems that excess historyresents for living a good li This short booklet basically a Labour Markets, Identities, Controversies pamphlet was one of Nietzsche s early writings before he became The Anti Christ and contracted a bad case of megalomania where he would sign his letters toeople as The Crucified The title On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life summarizes Nietzsche s thesis with this work Nietzsche criticizes the Germany of his time as without culture and lacking instinct a Marrane Et Marronne: La Co-Ecriture Reversible D Andre Et de Simone Schwarz-Bart place where a sick soulless inwardnessrevails and a synthetic This Deleuzian Century pseudo kultur disguises the real feeling of the country Nietzsche blames thishenomenon on the typical German s abstract feelings and belief in unharmed inwardness Nietzsche also states Only strong Women's Romantic Theatre and Drama: History, Agency, and Performativity personalities can endure history the weak are completely extinguished by it Nietzsche believed that the modern German no longer trusted and had faith in himself therefore when looking at history he would think how am I to feel here as opposed to the actual reality of the situation Looking at how absurd the typical American s and European irrational and total ignorance of in general views on the second World War II certainlyroves that Nietzsche s views are still than relevant today When talking about most historical and contemporary events most Tell Me What You Want people have an anti intellectual emotional response that they have unknowingly been indoctrinated and conditioned with like Pavlov s dog All in all this is a very insightful work in regards to understanding history and its context especially among different type of individuals from the neuter to the alphaowerful Maybe if Water in Social Imagination: From Technological Optimism to Contemporary Environmentalism people read works like this they would realize that their worship of historical mythsresented as conclusive facts would be extinguished but that is surely doubtful In a world where collectivist anti intellectual metaphysical Sagwitch: Shoshone Chieftain, Mormon Elder, 1822-1887 propaganda dominates and where virtually allrofessional Historians are compromised by the thought olice it is very hard for one to discern the true facts of history from the ropaganda of lies On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life Between 1872 when his first book Die Geburt der Trag die appeared and 1876 when he left the University of Basel to write in Italy Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 wrote an enormous amount of Le rendez-vous prose most of which he did not bring to a satisfactory completion However he didublish singly a series of short bookspamphlets he called Unzeitgem sse Betrachtungen Untimely Considerations which at one Molotov Mouths: Explosive New Writing point he hadrojected to include as many as 21 arts In the end he ublished 4It is of note that during the manic All Our Trials: Prisons, Policing, and the Feminist Fight to End Violence phases of his manic depressive cycles he viewed theseublications as a rocess of tearing down the many aspects of 19th century life he hated a clearing away of encrustations to enable him to see clearly the visions he knew were going to come he Already Had Intimations Of Them had intimations of them these he kept in his notebooks and did not ublish One of the Unzeitgem sse Betrachtungen I find interesting is Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie f r das Leben On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life For Nietzsche historians history was one of these encrustations which had to be chipped away As one of my esteemed GR friends has In This Land: The Purple Book, Volume Four pointed out in a review of this book in the early 21st century almost nobody knows or gives a damn about historians history so now Nietzsche would bereaching to the choir Of course recisely the same eople wouldn t give a damn about Nietzsche eitherIn view of the fact that the word historicism has been used in a dozen mutually contradictory ways since Karl Popper took up the word and incorrectly ascribed his meaning of the word to Hegel I won t use it I doubt the word has any fixed meaning now meaning of the word to Hegel I won t use it I doubt the word has any fixed meaning now in the discourse of certain schools of adepts among each other I have read claims that in this text Nietzsche made the first criticism of historicism Maybe if you search around in the many meanings of that word this could even be true But what did he actually sayHe begins by explaining why both forgetting and remembering are necessary for mankind Why remembering the right things at the right times is necessary is clear but he sees forgetting the The Houdini Solution: Put Creativity and Innovation to work by thinking inside the box past and entering fully into the moment are necessary both to experience happiness and to act Mankind needs history memory but not too much He then distinguishes three kinds of history which he calls the monumental the antiuarian and the critical The first is necessary for the doers and the mighty in order for them to learn from theast acts and examples of similar men And this is good for life because only such men can make changes for the better he says Nietzsche sees in this kind of history something eternal and ber historical manifestations of Greatness of Genius and this almost immediately after distancing himself from ber historical thinkers who see the eternal in every moment a Cybercrime and Digital Forensics: An Introduction point of view he seems to associate with Eastern thought This is curious because it is evident from the longing in his description of these mighty doers and from his other writings that he wants to be among them he also uses almost the same language in describing the disdain both feel for their own bodies I suppose he views the Eastern kind asassive and inactive and those attributes he finds repugnantHowever a focus on this one kind of history while good for the small number of owerful doers is bad for history and most everyone else it reduces history to a few special cases surrounding a few special men and leads to illusions and false analogies We all know how this kind of history has been misusedThe antiuarian history is that of the conservatives and the ious those who look with faithful love to whence they came and wish to The Meaning of Difference: American Constructions of Race, Sex and Gender, Social Class, Sexual Orientation, and Disability preserve that for those who will follow This is the history for almost everyone for the less gifted as he says this is the history of Blut und Boden this is the history which keeps mosteople contentedly in one One Small Step: An Anthology of Discoveries placereventing dissatisfied searches O bring this henomenon to light as a remarkable symptom of our time is every bit as necessary as it may be ainful I have tried to describe a feeling which has often enough tormented me I take my revenge on this feeling when I expose it to the general ublic Perhaps with such a description someone or other will have reason to oint out to me that he also knows this Birds particular sensation but that I have not felt it with sufficienturity and naturalness and definitely have not expressed myself with the appropriate certainty and mature experience Perhaps one or two will respond in this way However most Tales from the Ballpark Tales from the Ballpark Tales from the Ballpark: More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told people will tell me that this feeling is totally wrong unnatural abominable and absolutely forbidden that with it in fact I have shown myself unworthy of theowerful historical tendency of the times as it has been by common knowledge observed for the Isocrates I (The Oratory of Classical Greece, vol. 4) past two generationsarticularly among the Germans Whatever the reaction now that I dare to expose myself with this natural description of my feeling common decency will be fostered rather than shamed because I am Robot Programming: A Practical Guide to Behavior-Based Robotics providing many opportunities for a contemporary tendency like the reaction just mentioned to makeolite Perfect Phrases for Writing Company Announcements: Hundreds of Ready-to-Use Phrases for Powerful Internal and External Communications pronouncemen. Or greenerastures which would lead to conflict Except that it didn t always as we know all too wellThis kind of history is too narrow too Versailles provincial too limited in ways we are all so well aware of that I will leave it at thatThe critical history is not what one would expect It is not the history of the critical judging intellectual far from it It is the critical judging history of life itself which right or wrong just or notuts an end to everything that emerges into existence whether it be an individual a mountain or the Roman Empire Of course this critical history can manifest itself through the actions of men It is necessary for renewal though he finds the renewal to be generally weaker than the healthy form of the original at least in the case of human societies Clearly critical history is harmful where it is not absolutely neededOne must admit that this is an idiosyncratic division of history into types These types of history all serve life though they can also hurt it as mentioned But all are to be contrasted with the history of the historian whose science has stepped between life and history and cut their bonds Here Nietzsche is revisiting in some detail a thesis he already touched upon in Die Geburt der Trag die science and its concomitant abstraction have sucked the lifeblood the instincts out of modern man He is skinning just one of their manifestations in this text the history of the historian but he is whetting his knife for them all He details five ways this history is inimical and dangerous to life it weakens ersonality through overexposure to foreign cultures and history I should have about zero ersonality by now if this thesis is correct it gives the illusion that the current culture has the greatest virtue and justice the instincts are destroyed and both the individual and the whole cannot fully ripen it gives the illusion that one is late born that one is an epigone it leads mankind into self irony cynicism and egotism He gives a lengthy discussion of each of these The Mystery of the Two-Toed Pigeon points taking the opportunity to knee many of his most despised objects bureaucrats functionaries contemporaryhilosophers historians Rack Ruin pretensions to objectivity etc in the groin Reading over the other reviews of this book it is clear that each reader has his own Nietzsche I don t agree with many of hishilosophical opinions and I abhor his cult of genius But then I am an early 21st century intellectual who has willingly nay gleefully saturated himself with history and foreign cultures and is disdainful of the antiuarian history into which he was born I am his Flachkopf made corporeal And yet I still am reading his texts because as I briefly indicated in another review Nietzsche went where no one else before him went and he never came back He went there with a megalomaniacal verve and an astounding Espenlaub prose style Some of the things he told us on the way are valuable the course of his travels to wherever he went is fascinating A word concerning Nietzsche srose style In this text Nietzsche jettisons the Splendid Solution purple Romanticrose of his revious writings and offers us something closely approximating his mature style a fluid flexible elouent rose strongly influenced by Greco Roman writers For in this and all subseuent texts Nietzsche is not writing for an academic audience but rather for a general educated readership as did those earlier writers And as they did Nietzsche tries to make his oints to such a audience by telling little stories using extended metaphors etc He even uses a uote from Jonathan Swift to generate a belly laugh and to reduce a target ad absurdum When he starts going on about the German soul or about how his ideas are manly and those of the objects of his criticism are feminine my eyes begin to glaze over but otherwise even when I object to the content he holds my attention beautifully This book has been translated into English under at least two different titles On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life and On the Use and Abuse of History for Life I suppose the translators wanted to have a certain arallelism in their titles which Nietzsche did not have in his he went with alliteration Is it not the case that nearly every one of these is manifested in our age an age in which history insofar as it is known to the general How to Be Alone public at all is known only under the guise of monumental antiuarian or critical history And if this is true then what is left of the criticism Nietzsche levels at historians history Rating Every time I read a book by Nietzsche my mind gets blown and I feel enlightened In a mere 60ages or so Nietzsche totally annihilates Hegelianism and the education system The thesis of the book is that in our time Knowledge rules Life and this will result in the end of both Knowledge and Living Instead we must consider Life to be the ultimate value and the thing in which our youth should be skilled This is by far the most accessible book by this author I have ever read so don t be daunted by it Highly recommended to anyone By far the most One star s a bit harsh Popular history can still be understood in terms of the categories he comes up with here all the biographies of Churchill and Reagan Lifeless monumental history The obsession with Americana and authentic simple living Lifeless antiuarianism Post colonialpost structuralistpost modernist history Lifeless critical history But then Nietzsche was harsh and it s only fair to be harsh back He describes three types of historiography monumental history which can either Racial Theories In Context provide examples of greatness for theresent or refuse the ossibility of greatness in the resent Antiuarian History Which Can Either Make Us history which can either make us in our own time and Cigarette Kisses place by showing its historical context or encourage us to live in theast and forsake the resent and critical history which criticises the ast and attempts to create a new one for itself or makes us ignore our own descent leading to a conflict between our actual and our created asts In the good versions the former in my list it is studied for the sake of life In the bad versions the latter in my list history is studied for the sake of itself or for utilitarian ends This leads to a eople with weak Gutsy Girls: Young Women Who Dare personalities which believes itself to be just than other ages is immature leads to a melancholy belief that we are nothing than the children of the great irony and eventually the cynical inversion of this belief that rather we are the great descendants of the weak That s the meat It s surrounded by a bunch of rants against the late nineteenth century I m sure it s all very entertaining when you re young but by the time you re working or a grad student you knowretty darn well that academics cut off from life is a farce You know that appeals to life are or less completely empty what sort of life What will you do with this life And you Organizations As Knowledge Systems probably have a hunch that life whatever it is might not even beossible So what are we doing when we read Nietzsche s essay First we re engaging in monumental history against the Little Scarlet (Easy Rawlins present lauding Nietzsche when we could for instance be reading about the crisis in care or the destruction of the environment or the ongoing economic Second we re engaging in an antiuarian history which is interested in theast for its own sake since there s little in this book which isn t common knowledge these days Third it will robably encourage us to believe that we ve left behind all the old lifelessness of the nineteenth century when of course we ve done nothing of the sort By its own lights this essay should not be read by the young In Nietzsche s time history really was over studied Today it s all but ignored Skip this and go straight to Hobsbawm s history of the long nineteenth century I have forgotten how I love Nietzsche What a wickedly dry spell it has been without his verve In this small book he argues that the excessively historical man is bound to be a neurotic miserable creature incapable of happiness and subseuently of action But I feel he never truly ersuades us that happiness is a good in and of itself And I do not believe that a crushed spirit renders one incapable of art To the contrary I would contend that it is the compulsive maniacs among us who make the best artists Who better to supply Never Sweeter proof of this hypothesis than Nietzsche himself the ravingerpetually ill solitary loner of a man that he was His admission to a mental asylum his sychosis the congeries of hysical symptoms that afflicted him throughout his life who indeed better to attest to those ever fragile borders of sychosis genius and art And too his ronouncement that no Steam Heat philosopher has been a musician than he So yes reading Nietzsche is aleasure but like all music I am afraid that at times he is sublime as much as he is incomprehensible. Ts Moreover I obtain for myself something of even value to me than respectability I become ublicly instructed and set straight about our times This essay is also out of touch with the times because here I am trying for once to see as a contemporary disgrace infirmity and defect something of which our trying for once to see as a contemporary disgrace infirmity and defect something of which our is justifiably roud its historical culture For I believe in fact that we are all suffering from a consumptive historical fever and at the very least should recognize that we are afflicted with it If Goethe with good reason said that with our virtues we simultaneously cultivate our faults and if as everyone knows a hypertrophic virtue as the historical sense of our age appears to me to be can serve to destroy a eople just as well as a hypertrophic vice then eople may make allowance for me this once Also in my defence I should not conceal the fact that the experiences which aroused these feelings of torment in me I have derived for the most Old Electrical Wiring: Evaluating, Repairing, and Upgrading Dated Systems part from myself and only from others for theurpose of comparison and that insofar as I am a student of ancient times ソードアート・オンライン 1 (Sword Art Online Light Novel, particularly the Greeks I come as a child in theseresent times to such anachronistic experiences concerning mysel.

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